Translation in a legal environment has long been a recognized specialty in the field of ASL-English translation. The legal framework is broad, including law enforcement investigations, interviews and interrogations, client-lawyer interactions, and various judicial and judicial processes.
Traditions in the translation field and the legal community contribute to conventional translation work. Also, through the practice of legal interpreting from time to time, practices are designed through a process of applying theory that comes from the professional community.
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As a result, exercise models and best practices have been identified that will guide the work of practitioners in this area of specialization. According to several needs assessments conducted by the NCIEC (2007; 2010), there is a shortage of qualified interpreters to work in legal settings. Therefore, one of the goals of the NCIEC is to promote the training and certification of interpreters in this area of specialization
Working in a legal environment requires advanced interpretation skills – including the ability to translate complex texts fluently and at the same time, to work effectively in teams – especially the ability to work with deaf (DI) translators and adapt language usage to multiple languages sign language users. It also requires a thorough understanding of law enforcement and the legal system.
In this context, there are unique parameters that affect the work of the translator and the outcome of case law, legal procedures, and evidence. Typically, the knowledge and skills required for translators to work in this environment are acquired after completing a solid academic foundation in interpretation combined with years of practice, followed by specialized training in legal interpretation and controlled in-place experience.
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Translator certification in this specialization is administered by the Register of Interpreters for the Deaf and requires valid certification and completion of several hours of training and controlled work experience before applying. The certification process includes rigorous written tests and performance tests.